Chronology of the Flood up to Genesis 8:4

Chronology of the Flood up to Genesis 8:4:

  1. According to Genesis 7:7-9, Noah entered the ark on tenth day of the second month (Iyyar) and waited in the ark seven days (Gen. 7:10).
  2. According to Genesis 7:10-11, seven days after Noah entered the Ark, the vast transparent water vapor canopy precipitated and the subterranean waters burst open on the seventeenth day of the second month.
  3. According to Genesis 7:12, the vast transparent water vapor canopy precipitated or fell upon the earth for forty days and nights and stopped on the twenty-seventh day of the third month.
  4. According to Genesis 7:24 and 8:3-4, one hundred ten days after the heavy rains of the forty day and nights had stopped, the waters of the Flood receded and the Ark rested on the mountains of Ararat.

Exactly five months after the Flood began, the Ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat since Genesis 7:11 records that the Flood began on the seventeenth day of the second month and Genesis 8:4 records that the Ark rested on the mountains of Ararat on the seventeenth day of the seventh month. This means that Noah and his family had been in the Ark for one hundred and fifty seven days up to this point in the narrative. It would be another seven months before they were able to leave since they had to wait for the waters to recede and the ground to dry sufficiently so it could support human and animal and bird life.

It is significant that the Ark is said to have “rested” as though it had been laboring for five months in accomplishing its work of saving its occupants from sin and judgment. This is the second mention of “rest” in Scripture with the first being when God rested after His work of restoring the earth in six days (Gen. 2:2-3). It is interesting since the Ark is a type of Christ as God “finished” His work of creation and as the Ark “finished” its mission, so Christ “finished” (John 19:30) His work of salvation.
A comparison of 8:4 with 8:5 indicates that seventy-four days or two and a half months after the Ark rested on the mountains of Ararat, the tops of the mountains appeared on the first day of the tenth month.
Genesis 8:6, “Then it came about at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made.”
A comparison of Genesis 8:5 and 6 teaches that forty days after the tops of the mountains appeared, Noah opened the window of the Ark, which would be on the eleventh day of the eleventh month.

Pastor William E. Wenstrom. (n.d.). Genesis.

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